General requirements for the abstract: stages of writing, purpose and its own types

The phrase “method” is Greek, and is translated as way of expedient or consistent execution of any work. In this instance, they are the means of writing an essay.

Abstract – a Latin word, literally means writing a note or a public report. Mostly this word is employed to find out a regular, convincing and concise statement or writing the essence of a concern or topic of a scientific and practical nature.

The abstract is a completely independent written work specialized in the consideration of a particular aspect of the problem and centered on the results of studying a finite number of literary types of a specific topic.

Focus on an abstract about life safety requires an amount of specific skills:

  • using the services of text (understanding the information regarding the text, analyzing the primary problems for the book, adequate perception of the special model of the written text);
  • the foundations of independent, creative and thinking that is critical
  • capacity to provide the analyzed work, plus your own thoughts when you look at the context associated with studied sources about life safety.

The main goals of writing an abstracts are systematization, consolidation, expansion of theoretical knowledge and practical skills about life safety; application for this knowledge and skills in re solving specific learning problems, growth of skills of separate activity of students of a future specialist of high qualification.

The order of planning includes the stages of doing the task

The phases include:

  • selection and coordination of this topic of the abstract,
  • determination of this purpose and objectives of written work,
  • setting the deadline for the utilization of the abstract,
  • Drawing up a synopsis plan,
  • collection of information sources,
  • study the information of sources,
  • compilation of the abstract text,
  • editing the writing,
  • planning of a summary of literature,
  • layout associated with the abstract,
  • submission of this abstract.

Evaluating an abstract, the teacher arises from the requirements:

  • the relevance of this subject matter (problematic, novelty associated with problems in mind or aspects of problems);
  • the relevance of the topic of this abstract into the content, sufficiency and modernity of this sources involved;
  • utilization of the latest publications;
  • study and characterization regarding the history of the difficulty, the degree of its study into the literature;
  • a definite statement associated with subject, purpose and methods of research;
  • generalization of results, justification of conclusions;
  • utilization of the conceptual apparatus;
  • form of work and layout of this abstract.

The objective of abstracts and its kinds

Etymological meaning of the phrase abstract defines the information for this scientific abstractive genre: an objective short message in written type or perhaps in a form of a public report for the articles regarding the document or sources, which sets out of the primary facts and conclusions. An abstract is amongst the most frequent types of additional texts.

the abstract would be to inform in regards to the contents of this referring document, the recognition associated with main or any specific information. The abstract provides an opportunity to find out just how much it’s important to refer to the source as well as exactly what purpose.

There are numerous kinds of abstracts:

informative (a concise declaration for the important provisions for the original document in a generalized form);

indicative (summary abstracts, extended annotations) informing in what is stated when you look at the document;

monographic (put together in one source, and is called selective abstracting);

summary – they are abstracts for a provided topic on several sources with a total, systematized and generalized content;

review – abstracts on an extensive topic on several documents with a brief description of this content of every of them separately.

Survey abstracting is an easy method of data on the option of literary works on a particular problem. The review abstract is founded on annotations to that an element of the source that relate with the main topics interest to the referent. Then the annotations on the subject are combined into a review abstract;

auto-abstract – abstract, published by the author of the document.